Amelia M. Haviland
Anna Loomis McCandless Professorship of Statistics and Public Policy
Amelia Haviland joined the Heinz College faculty as an Associate Professor in the summer of 2011. Prior to this position she was a Senior Statistician at the RAND Corporation where she worked since receiving her joint PhD in statistics and public policy from Carnegie Mellon University in 2003. She is the recipient of the Anna Loomis McCandless Chair, a Thomas Lord Distinguished Scholar Award (Institute for Civil Justice, RAND), a MacArthur Fellowship for Younger Scholars (MacArthur Research Network on Social Interactions and Economic Inequality), and a Wray Jackson Smith Scholarship (Section on Government Statistics, American Statistical Association).
Dr. Haviland’s research focuses on causal analysis with observational data and analysis of longitudinal and complex survey data applied to policy issues in health and criminology. For example, she recently led a team of researchers assessing the effects of high deductible account-based health insurance plans on health care costs, use, and disparities in the most comprehensive study on the topic to date. Other health policy work involves assessing mechanisms for health disparities for Medicare recipients and exploring connections between patient safety and recent reductions in medical malpractice claims. An example of her work in criminology is methodological work extending group-based trajectory modeling (semi-parametric longitudinal mixture models) to address causal questions with application to assessing the effect of gang membership on violent delinquency. She currently serves on the National Research Council Panel tasked with assessing the research evidence on whether there is a deterrent effect of the death penalty. This and other work of Dr. Haviland’s has been published in journals such as Psychometrika, Psychological Methods, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Human Resources, Survey Methodology, Criminology, Health Affairs, Health Services Research, Medical Care, and the Forum for Health Economics and Policy.
Snodgrass, G. Matthew, Blokland, Arjan, Haviland, Amelia M., Nieuwbeerta, Paul, Nagin, Daniel S. “Does the Time Cause the Crime? An Examination of the Relationship Between Time Served and Reoffending.” Criminology (forthcoming, 2011).
Haviland, Amelia M., Jones, Bobby L., Nagin, Daniel S. “Group-Based Trajectory Modeling Extended to Account for Non-Random Subject Attrition”, Sociological Methods & Research (forthcoming, 2011).
MacDonald, John M., Brame, Robert, Haviland, Amelia M., Morral, Andrew R. “Assessing the Effect of Community-Based Substance Use Treatment on Dimensions of Criminal Involvement,” Journal of Experimental Criminology (forthcoming, 2011).
Amelia M. Haviland, Neeraj Sood, Roland D. McDevitt, and M. Susan Marquis (2011) “The Effects of Consumer-Directed Health Plans on Episodes of Health Care,” Forum for Health Economics & Policy, 14(2) (Health Policy), Article 9. http://www.bepress.com/fhep/14/2/9
Beeuwkes-Buntin, Melinda, Haviland, Amelia M., McDevitt, Roland, Sood, Neeraj. (2011) “Healthcare Spending and Preventive Care in High-Deductible and Consumer-Directed Health Plans,” American Journal of Managed Care, 17(3):222-230.
Elliott, Marc N., Haviland, Amelia M., Orr, Nate, Hambarsoomian, Katrin, Cleary, Paul D. (2011) “How Do the Experiences of Medicare Beneficiary Subgroups Differ Between Managed Care and Original Medicare?” Health Services Research Journal, DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01245.x , [Epub Feb 2011].
Haviland, Amelia, M., Elliott, Marc N., Hambarsoomian, Katrin, Lurie, Nicole. (2011) “Immunization Disparities by Hispanic Ethnicity and Language Preference,” Archives of Internal Medicine, 171(2):158-165.
Heller, Amy, Elliott, Marc N., Haviland, Amelia M., Klein, David J., Kanouse, David E. (2009). “Patient Activation Status as a Predictor of Patient Experience among Medicare Beneficiaries,” Medical Care, 47(8):850-857.
Ramchand, Rajeev, MacDonald, John M., Haviland, Amelia M., Morral, Andrew R. (2009). “A Developmental Approach for Measuring the Severity of Crimes,” Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 25:129-153.
Elliott, Marc N., Haviland, Amelia M., Kanouse, David E., Hambarsoomian, Katrin, Hays, Ron D. (2009). “Adjusting for Subgroup Differences in Extreme Response Tendency in Ratings of Health Care: Impact on Disparity Estimates,” Health Services Research Journal, 44(2):542-561.
Greenberg, Michael, Haviland, Amelia M., Yu, Hao, Farley, Donna O. (2008). “Safety Outcomes in the United States: Trends and Challenges in Measurement,” Health Services Research, Patient Safety Evaluation Special Issue, 44(2p2):739-755.
Dausey, David J., Chandra, Anita, Schaefer, Agnes G., Bahney, Benjamin, M., Haviland, Amelia M., Zakowski, Sarah, Lurie, Nicole. (2008). “Measuring the Performance of Telephone-Based Disease Surveillance,” American Journal of Public Health, 98(9):1706-1711.
Haviland, Amelia M., Nagin, Daniel S., Rosenbaum, Paul, Tremblay, Richard. (2008). “Combining Group-Based Trajectory Modeling and Propensity Score Matching for Causal Inferences in Nonexperimental Longitudinal Data,” Developmental Psychology, 44(2):422-436.
Black, Dan, Haviland, Amelia M., Sanders, Seth, Taylor, Lowell. (2008). “Gender Wage Disparities among the Highly Educated,” Journal of Human Resources, 43(2):630-659.
Elliott, Marc N., Haviland, Amelia M. (2007). “Use of a Web-based Convenience Sample to Supplement a Probability Sample,” Survey Methodology, 33(2):211-215.
Haviland, Amelia M., Nagin, Daniel S., Rosenbaum, Paul. (2007). “Combining Propensity Score Matching and Group-Based Trajectory Analysis in an Observational Study,” Psychological Methods, 12(3):247-267.
Haviland, Amelia M., Nagin, Daniel S. (2007). “Using group-based trajectory modeling in conjunction with propensity scores to improve balance,” Journal of Experimental Criminology, 3:65-82.
Apel, Robert, Brame, Robert, Bushway, Shawn, Haviland, Amelia, M., Nagin, Daniel S., Paternoster. (2007). “Unpacking the Relationship Between Adolescent Employment and Antisocial Behavior: A Matched Samples Comparison,” Criminology, 45(1):67-97.
Beeuwkes-Buntin, Melinda, Damberg, Cheryl, Haviland, Amelia, Kapur, Kanika, Lurie, Nicole, McDevitt, Roland, Marquis, M. Susan. (2006). “Consumer-Directed Health Care: Early Evidence About Effects On Cost and Quality,” Health Affairs, 25(6):516-530.
Black, Dan, Haviland, Amelia, Sanders, Seth, Taylor, Lowell. (2006). “Why Do Minority Men Earn Less? A Study of Wage Differentials among the Highly Educated,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 88(2):300-313.
Haviland, Amelia M., Nagin, Daniel S. (2005). “Causal Inferences with Group Based Trajectory Models: A Gang Membership and Delinquent Violence Application,” Psychometrika, 70(3):557-578.
MA, Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University
PhD, Statistics and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University
To What Degree Does Food Assistance Help Poor Households Acquire Enough Food?
This paper studies the efficacy of public and private food assistance in alleviating food shortages among poor households by considering the effects of all major forms of domestic food assistance- the Food Stamp Program, WIC, and food pantries. The analyses are based on detailed data that were collected in 1993 from 398 low-income households in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. This research adds to the knowledge base on the efficacy of public and private food assistance in alleviating food shortages among poor households by jointly considering the effects of both public and private forms of food assistance. After reconsidering standard food consumption models, the analysis modifies these models to account for misspecification and extends these models to include the effects of both public and private food assistance. Then, the paper examines the effect each of the widely available forms of food assistance has on helping poor households acquire enough resources to potentially meet basic nutritional requirements. Research findings suggest that compared with other forms of food assistance, the receipt of a significant amount in food stamps has a much greater impact on whether a household attains at least the Thrifty Food Plan than the receipt of food from a food pantry or through the WIC program.