Faculty Details

Photo of David J. Dausey

David J. Dausey

Distinguished Service Professor

Adjunct Faculty

Distinguished Service Professor

Voice: 412.268.4481
Email: ddausey@andrew.cmu.edu

Biography

David J. Dausey, M.Phil., Ph.D., FACE, holds an honorary faculty position at the Heinz College, Carnegie Mellon University where he is a Distinguished Service Professor. He is the Dean of the School of Health Professions and Public Health, Chairman of the Public Health Department and a tenured Professor of Public Health at Mercyhurst University. He is also the Founding Director of the Mercyhurst Institute for Public Health. Dr. Dausey serves as a consultant for the RAND Corporation’s Global Health Division and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. An internationally respected public health and health care expert, Dr. Dausey has worked closely with senior health officials in more than twenty countries and experts at international organizations and foundations such as the World Health Organization, the United Nations, the Global Health and Security Initiative and the Rockefeller Foundation. Domestically, he has collaborated with more than 100 state and local public health agencies and health care organizations in every region of the country and with large federal agencies such as the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Over the last decade, Dr. Dausey has led and directed externally funded research projects totaling nearly ten million dollars. He is the author of more than 100 scholarly publications and reports including articles in top-tier journals such as the American Journal of Public Health, Health Affairs, and the American Journal of Psychiatry. He has had more than 10,000 media mentions and his work has been translated into more than a dozen different languages and has been featured by domestic and international media outlets such as the domestic and international edition of USA Today, the Atlantic Journal-Constitution, the San Francisco Chronicle, the Chicago Tribune, the Washington Post, U.S. News and World Report, CNN, CBS News and MSNBC. Dr. Dausey is an elected fellow of the American College of Epidemiology and is a current or former trustee or elected board member for several organizations including the Jewish Healthcare Foundation, Hospital Council of Western Pennsylvania, Health and Hospitals Inc, Health Careers Futures and the American College of Health Care Executives. Dr. Dausey was formerly a fulltime policy researcher at the RAND Corporation where he worked extensively on global health and public health issues. Prior to that, he served as a program analyst at the Northeast Program Evaluation Center, an evaluation arm of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, where he designed and conducted evaluations of VA health programs and initiatives. Dr. Dausey received his bachelor degree in psychology from the College of Undergraduate Studies at Mercyhurst University and his master and doctoral degrees in epidemiology and public health from the Yale School of Public Health and the Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. He completed postgraduate training in higher education management and leadership at the Harvard Kennedy School and the Harvard Graduate School of Education.

Honors

Dr. Dausey has been the recipient of numerous awards and honors. During his undergraduate studies at Mercyhurst University, he was selected as a National Cancer Institute (NCI) pre-doctoral fellow at Roswell Park Cancer Institute, a highly competitive fellowship designed for individuals interested in studying cancer epidemiology (1997). At his undergraduate commencement, he was awarded the Social and Behavioral Sciences Award for Academic Excellence (1997). As a graduate student at Yale University, he was a recipient of the highly coveted Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award which fully funded his graduate studies and included an annual stipend (1998-2003). At the RAND Corporation, Dr. Dausey engaged in ground breaking research on public health systems and global health. In recognition of this work, he was a recipient of the RAND Corporation’s Gold Award for distinguished research (2007). Only a small number of RAND researchers have ever received this award. Dr. Dausey has also received awards for his work as a teacher and mentor to undergraduate and graduate students. He was a recipient of the Kappa Alpha Theta Mentorship Award (2008) and the Panhellenic and Intrafraternity Council Role Model Award (2008) at Carnegie Mellon University. In 2010, he was awarded the Martcia Wade Teaching Award, one of Carnegie Mellon University’s most distinguished teaching honors. In 2011, he was recognized at Carnegie Mellon University’s Celebration of Education for teaching excellence.

Research

Dr. Dausey’s research has been recognized for advancing our knowledge of public health systems and health care systems by applying rigorous quantitative and qualitative methodologies to evaluate the performance of these systems. He has developed tools and methodologies that have been adopted by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and disseminated to public health agencies around the country and authored or co-authored influential reports used by leading government officials such as the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, the principal advisor to the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services on policy development. Dr. Dausey is currently leading a large multi-year grant from the Rockefeller Foundation to improve monitoring and evaluation and policy research related to disease surveillance in collaboration with the Ministries of Health of six countries in Southeast Asia. He is also currently working on a project to evaluate US chemical laws to advise policymakers on how to reform these laws to keep the public safe. He recently received a grant from the Benter Foundation to continue his work on lifelong mobility for disabled children in developing countries.

Teaching

Dr. Dausey’s teaching interests focus on his substantive areas of expertise (global health, public health and health care) as well as his methodological areas expertise (epidemiologic methods, biostatistics and social research methods). He has taught a wide range of courses in these areas including Foundations of Public Health, Biostatistics, Principles of Epidemiology, Global Health, Introductory Health Policy, Advanced Health Policy, Principles of Healthcare Management, and Program Evaluation. His courses have been offered in a variety of locations from Washington, DC to Adelaide, Australia. In addition to traditionally delivered courses, Dr. Dausey has extensive experience in executive education and distance learning teaching modalities.

Selected Peer Reviewed Publications
(Selected from more than 100 scholarly articles and reports)

Moore M, Dausey DJ, Phommasack B, Tok S, Guoping L, Nyein SL, Ungchusak K, Vung ND. Sustainability of Sub-Regional Disease Surveillance Networks. Global Health Governance. Spring 2012. http://blogs.shu.edu/ghg/2012/06/22/sustainability-of-sub-regional-disease-surveillance-networks/

Moore M, Dausey DJ. Response to the 2009-H1N1 Influenza Pandemic in the Mekong Basin: Surveys of Country Health Leaders. BMC Research Notes, 4:361, 2011. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1756-0500/4/361

Dias MB, Dausey DJ, Casman E, Dias MB. The PREval (Pilot Research Evaluation) Framework: Evaluating Pilot Projects in Information Communication Technology for Development (ICTD). CMU-RI-TR-11-02. Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie Mellon University Robotics Institute, 2011. http://www.ri.cmu.edu/publication_view.html?pub_id=6794&menu_code=0307

Kilbourne AM, Fullerton CA, Dausey DJ, Pincus HA, Hermann RC. A Framework for Measuring Quality across Silos: The Case of Mental Disorders and Co-occurring Conditions. Quality and Safety in Health Care, 19:113-116, 2010. http://qualitysafety.bmj.com/content/19/2/113.abstract

Heuston M, Dausey DJ, Padman R. Forging Research Collaborations between Blood Banks and Academic Institutions. Transfusion, 49(S2): 244, 2009. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1537-2995.2009.02366.x/pdf

Dausey DJ, Pincus HA, Herrell JM. Performance Measures for Co-Occurring Mental and Substance Use Disorders. Substance Abuse Treatment Prevention and Policy, 4:18, 2009. http://www.substanceabusepolicy.com/content/4/1/18

Parker A, Nelson C, Shelton S, Dausey DJ, Lewis M, Pomeroy A, Leuschner K. Measuring Crisis Decision-Making for Public Health Emergencies. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2009. http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR712/

LaTourrette T, Davis LE, Howell DR, Sama PR, Dausey DJ. Public Health Preparedness and Response to Chemical and Radiological Incidents: Functions, Practices, and Areas for Future Work. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2009. http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR719/

Nelson C, Beckjord E, Dausey DJ, Chan E, Lurie N, Lotstein D. How Can We Strengthen the Evidence Base in Public Health Preparedness? Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 2:247-250, 2008. http://www.dmphp.org/cgi/content/abstract/2/4/247

Lurie N, Dausey DJ, Knighton T, Moore M, Zakowsky S, Deyton L. Community Planning for Pandemic Influenza: Lessons from the VA Health Care System. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 2: 251-257, 2008. http://www.dmphp.org/cgi/content/abstract/2/4/251

Desai RA, Dausey D, Rosenheck R. Suicide among discharged psychiatric inpatients in the Department of Veterans Affairs. Military Medicine, 173: 721-728, 2008. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18751586

Dausey DJ, Chandra A, Schaefer AG, Bahney B, Haviland A, Zakowski S, Lurie N. Improving and Enhancing Telephone Based Disease Surveillance Systems in Local Public Health Agencies. American Journal of Public Health, 98: 1706-1711, 2008. http://ajph.aphapublications.org/cgi/content/full/98/9/1706?view=long&pmid=18172134

Jackson BA, Buehler J, Cole D, Cookson S, Dausey DJ, Honess-Moreale H, Lance S, Lurie N, Molander RC, O’Neal P. Bioterrorism with Zoonotic Disease. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2007. http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/2007/RAND_RB9279.pdf

Dausey DJ, Pincus HA, Herrell JM, Rickards L. States’ Early Experience in Improving Systems-Level Care for Persons with Co-Occurring Disorders. Psychiatric Services 58:903-905, 2007. http://ps.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/58/7/903

Dausey DJ, Moore M. Mekong Basin Disease Surveillance Partners Regional Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: After Action Review. Bangkok, Thailand: MBDS Publication, 2007. http://mbdsoffice.com/mbdsttx.php

Dausey DJ, Lurie N, Buehler J. Designing and Conducting Tabletop Exercises to Assess Public Health Preparedness for Man Made and Naturally Occurring Biological Threats. BMC Public Health 7: 92, 2007. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/7/92

Moore M, Dausey DJ. Improving Pandemic Influenza Preparedness in Southeast Asia. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Health, 2007. http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/www/external/health/globalhealth/docs/Influenza.pdf

Aledort J, Lurie N, Ricci K, Stern S, Dausey D, Nelson M. Facilitated Look-Backs at Annual Influenza Season. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, 2006. http://www.bvsde.paho.org/bvsacd/cd57/RAND_TR320.pdf

Jackson BA, Buehler J, Cole D, Cookson S, Dausey DJ, Honess-Moreale H, Lance S, Lurie N, Molander RC, O’Neal P. Bioterrorism with Zoonotic Disease and Public Health Preparedness: Issues and Opportunities at the Boundary Between the Public Health, Agriculture, and Law Enforcement Sectors. Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science 4: 287-292, 2006. http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/abs/10.1089/bsp.2006.4.287

Dausey DJ, Aledort J, Lurie N. Tabletop Exercises for Pandemic Influenza Preparedness in Local Public Health Agencies. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, 2006. http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR319.html

Kilbourne AM, Salloum I, Dausey D, Cornelius JR, Conigliaro J, Xu X, Pincus HA. Quality of Care for Substance Use Disorders in Patients with Serious Mental Illness. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 30: 73-77, 2006. http://www.journalofsubstanceabusetreatment.com/article/S0740-5472%2805%2900200-X/abstract

COSIG/COCE Workgroup (including Dausey DJ). Screening: Technical Assistance (TA) Report for the Co-Occurring State Incentive Grants (COSIG). Washington, DC: SAMHSA, 2006. http://coce.samhsa.gov/cod_resources/PDF/ScreeningReportRevised6-23-08.pdf

Dausey DJ, Lurie N, Diamond A. Public Health Response to Urgent Case Reports. Health Affairs W5:412-9, 2005. http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/early/2005/09/07/hlthaff.w5.412.long

Dausey DJ, Lurie N, Diamond A, Meade B, Molander R, Ricci K, Stoto M, Wasserman J. Bioterrorism Preparedness Training and Assessment Exercises for Local Health Agencies. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2005. http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR261/

Dausey DJ, Lurie N, Diamond A, Meade B, Molander R, Ricci K, Stoto M, Wasserman J. Tests to Evaluate Public Health Disease Reporting Systems in Local Public Health Agencies (ISBN-10: 0833038273). Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2005. http://www.amazon.com/Evaluate-Disease-Reporting-Systems-Agencies/dp/0833038273/ref=sr_1_4?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1306170823&sr=1-4

Meili RC, Anthony RC, Beckett M, Dausey DJ, Hilborne LH, Nelson MI, Vaiana M, Wynn BO. Developing a National Strategy and Vision for Qatar’s Health Care System. RAND-Qatar Policy Institute. Doha, Qatar: Qatar Foundation, 2005. http://www.qnrf.org/activities/bnrs/search/data/Paper_558.php

Stoto MA, Dausey D, Davis L, Myers S, Olmsted S, Ricci K, Ridgely S, Sloss L, Wasserman J, Lurie N. Learning from Experience: The Public Health Response to West Nile Virus, SARS, Monkeypox, and Hepatitis A outbreaks in the United States. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2005. http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR285.html

Meili RC, Anthony RC, Beckett M, Dausey DJ, Hilborne LH, Nelson MI, Vaiana M, Wynn BO. Regional Analysis of Qatar’s Health Care System. RAND-Qatar Policy Institute. Doha, Qatar: Qatar Foundation, 2005. http://www.qnrf.org/activities/bnrs/search/data/Paper_560.php

Taneilian T, Ricci K, Stoto M, Dausey DJ, Davis L, Myers S, Olmsted S, Willis H. Exemplary Practices in Public Health Preparedness. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2005. http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR239.html

Farley DO, Chinman MJ, D’Amico EJ, Dausey DJ, Engberg JB, Hunter SB, Shugarman LR, Sorbero M. Evaluation of the Arkansas tobacco settlement program (ISBN-10: 083303748X). Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2005. http://www.amazon.com/Evaluation-Arkansas-Tobacco-Settlement-Program/dp/083303748X/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1306171204&sr=1-1

Desai RA, Dausey DJ, Sernyak M, Rosenheck RA. The Effects of Federal Verses State Funding and Academic Affiliation on Mental Health Services. Administration and Policy in Mental Health 32:267-83, 2005. http://www.springerlink.com/content/x8h16604t1578526/fulltext.pdf

Desai RA, Dausey DJ, Rosenheck R. Mental Health Service Delivery and Suicide Risk: The Role of Individual Patient and Facility Factors. American Journal of Psychiatry 162: 311-318, 2005. http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/162/2/311

Desai RA, Maciejewski PK, Dausey DJ, Calderone B, Potenza MN. Health Correlates of Recreational Gambling in Older Adults. American Journal of Psychiatry 161:1672-1679, 2004. http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/161/9/1672

Dausey DJ, Burnam A. The Impact of Mental Health Parity on Quality of Care for Substance Abuse. In Evaluation of Parity in the Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) Program: Final Report. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, December 2004. http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/parity.htm

Desai RA, Liu-Mares W, Dausey DJ, Rosenheck RA. Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts in a Sample of Homeless People with Mental Illness. Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases 191:365-371, 2003. http://journals.lww.com/jonmd/Abstract/2003/06000/Suicidal_Ideation_and_Suicide_Attempts_in_A_Sample.3.aspx

Sernyak MJ, Dausey D, Desai R, Rosenheck R. Prescriber Non-Adherence to Treatment Guidelines Despite a Self-Assessed Need for Neuroleptic Change. Psychiatric Services 54:246-248, 2003. http://ps.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/54/2/246

Dausey DJ, Desai RA. Psychiatric Comorbidity and the Prevalence of HIV Infection in a Sample of Patients in Treatment for Substance Abuse. Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases 191:10-17, 2003. http://journals.lww.com/jonmd/Abstract/2003/01000/Psychiatric_Comorbidity_and_the_Prevalence_of_Hiv.3.aspx

Dausey DJ, Rosenheck R, Lehman A. Preadmission Care as a New Mental Health Performance Indicator. Psychiatric Services 53:1451-1455, 2002. http://ps.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/53/11/1451

Steward CL, Ortega AN, Dausey D, Rosenheck R. Oral Health and Use of Dental Services Among Hispanics. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 62:84-91, 2002. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11989211

Rosenheck RA, Dausey DJ, Kasprow W, and Frisman L. Impact of Receipt of Social Security Benefits on Homeless Veterans with Mental Illness. Psychiatric Services 51:1549-1554, 2000. http://ps.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/51/12/1549

Select Op/Ed Articles

Dausey DJ. Guest Voice of David Dausey: U.S. not prepared for flu pandemic. Erie Times-News. January 17, 2013. http://www.goerie.com/article/20130118/OPINION08/301189994/Guest-Voice-of-David-Dausey%3A-US-not-prepared-for-flu-pandemic

Dausey DJ. Country isn’t prepared for deadly flu pandemic. The Buffalo News. January 22, 2013. http://www.buffalonews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20130122/OPINION/130129757/1122

Dausey DJ. The weather and West Nile: Let’s stop arguing over climate change and fight the virus. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. August 30, 2012. http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/opinion/perspectives/the-weather-and-west-nile-lets-stop-arguing-over-climate-change-and-fight-the-virus-651100/

Dausey DJ. Congress must pass rules with teeth in order to keep our food safe. The Buffalo News. September 16, 2012. http://www.buffalonews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20120916/OPINION/120919562/1074

Dausey DJ. Government needs to tighten regulations on toxic chemicals. Erie Times-News. August 5, 2012. http://www.goerie.com/article/20120805/OPINION08/308059994/Dausey%3A-Government-needs-to-tighten-regulations-on-toxic-chemic

Select Media Interviews (Selected from More than 10,000)

US Health Report. Recorded on Beijing Today. February 1, 2013. http://english.cri.cn/8706/2013/02/01/2861s746339.htm

Energy drinks and finals: ‘A very dangerous combination’. USA Today College, December 17, 2012. http://www.usatodayeducate.com/staging/index.php/ccp/energy-drinks-and-finals-a-very-dangerous-combination

In Pennsylvania, the U.S. Mecca of Fracking, More Scientific Research is Urged. Homeland Security News Wire, November 14, 2012. http://www.homelandsecuritynewswire.com/dr20121114-in-pennsylvania-the-u-s-mecca-of-fracking-more-scientific-research-is-urged

A Case for the Enabling Power of Regulations. Star Tribune (Minneapolis), October 20, 2012. http://www.startribune.com/business/174986501.html?refer=y

Americans Playing Food Safety Lottery Says Professor. Food Production Daily (UK), October 9, 2012. http://www.foodproductiondaily.com/Quality-Safety/Americans-playing-food-safety-lottery-says-professor

Hantavirus in Yosemite May be Shape of Things to Come. USA Today, October 5, 2012. http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2012/09/29/hantavirus-yosemite-west-nile-bubonic-plague/1566407/

White House chef Sam Kass says families can combat obesity by cooking healthy meals at affordable prices. Times Tribune (Scranton), September 30, 2012. http://thetimes-tribune.com/lifestyles-people/white-house-chef-sam-kass-says-families-can-combat-obesity-by-cooking-healthy-meals-at-affordable-prices-1.1379172

CDC: 3,545 cases of West Nile Virus reported in U.S. so far this year. CBS News. September 26, 2012. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504763_162-57520831-10391704/cdc-3545-cases-of-west-nile-virus-reported-in-u.s-so-far-this-year/

West Nile Virus Outbreak. Recorded on National Public Radio (NPR) On Point with Tom Ashbrook. August 22, 2012. http://onpoint.wbur.org/2012/08/22/west-nile-outbreak

Public Health Risks of BPA. Recorded on the KGNU Science Show: How on Earth. August 21, 2012. http://howonearthradio.org/archives/tag/david-dausey

Pack that repellent: West Nile virus spiking across the USA. USA Today. August 16, 2012. http://travel.usatoday.com/destinations/dispatches/post/2012/08/pack-that-repellent-west-nile-virus-spiking-across-the-usa/825689/1?csp=34travel

CDC Reported Cases of West Nile Virus Disturbingly Lower than Cases Nationwide. The Guardian Express. August 15, 2012. http://guardianlv.com/2012/08/cdc-reported-cases-of-west-nile-virus-disturbingly-lower-than-cases-nationwide/

West Nile Virus spreads faster. USA Today. August 15, 2012. http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/story/2012-08-14/west-nile-virus-mosquito/57057540/1?csp=34news

Replay of GoErie live chat offers health-care reform answers. Erie Times-News. August 14, 2012. http://www.goerie.com/article/20120815/NEWS02/308159959/Replay-of-GoErie-live-chat-offers-health-care-reform-answers

FDA partial ban of bisphenol A raises questions. News Medical. July 31, 2012. http://www.news-medical.net/news/20120731/FDA-partial-ban-of-bisphenol-A-raises-questions.aspx

US Senate to Vote on Toxic Chemical Legislation. Food Production Daily. July 25, 2012 http://www.foodproductiondaily.com/Quality-Safety/US-Senate-to-vote-on-toxic-chemical-legislation

Mercyhurst expert addresses FDA’s recent ban on Bisphenol-A. News Medical. July 25, 2012. http://www.news-medical.net/news/20120725/Mercyhurst-expert-addresses-FDAs-recent-ban-on-Bisphenol-A.aspx

Study develops sustainable disease surveillance model. Vaccine News Daily. July 24, 2012. http://vaccinenewsdaily.com/medical_countermeasures/319432-study-develops-sustainable-disease-surveillance-model/

Public health expert David Dausey calls BPA ban ‘hollow victory’. Science Codex. July 23, 2012. http://www.sciencecodex.com/public_health_expert_david_dausey_calls_bpa_ban_hollow_victory-95407

Report Focuses on Sustainability of Infectious Disease Surveillance. Science Daily. July 17, 2002. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120717141005.htm

Missed Trial: In Pa. some insurers are keeping patients from experimental treatments. Pittsburgh City Paper. June 7, 2012. http://www.pittsburghcitypaper.ws/pittsburgh/missed-trial-in-pa-some-insurers-are-keeping-patients-from-experimental-treatments/Content?oid=1530875

New Initiative Aims to Promote Mobility for Children with Disabilities Worldwide. Global Accessibility News. May 30, 2012. http://globalaccessibilitynews.com/2012/05/30/new-initiative-aims-to-promote-mobility-for-children-with-disabilities-worldwide/

UPMC, Highmark Agree on Access Through 2014. Erie Times-News. May 3, 2012. http://www.goerie.com/article/20120405/NEWS02/304049881/Highmark-UPMC-offer-restrictive-plans-in-Erie

Highmark, UPMC Offer Restrictive Plans in Erie. Erie Times-News. April 4, 2012. http://www.goerie.com/article/20120405/NEWS02/304049881/Highmark-UPMC-offer-restrictive-plans-in-Erie

Education


Post-grad, Harvard University
PhD, Yale University
MPhil, Yale University
BA, Mercyhurst University